Why is climate important to the tropical rain forest?

Anonymous User
Anonymous User
Asked Dec 09, 2012
I read the article on rainforests at Mongabay.com, but it doesn't provide a clearer explanation of how exactly a warm and wet climate works to preserve the biodiversity in a tropical rainforest. Here's my detailed answer:

We must remember that a tropical rainforest normally has a wide canopy of foliage above the forest floor, which is often strewn with organic debris like fallen leaves, broken branches, ripened fruits, and animal droppings. The debris go on to degrade naturally into compost for the forest soil, which nourishes a variety of trees and other tropical plants. Bacteria thrives in a very humid environment and organic matter decays faster as a result.

Searching for more specific information, I learned that rainforests receive around 250 to 450 centimeters (8 to 14 feet) of rainfall per year. Instead of cooling down the place, a great amount of moisture is retained in the soil and the air within the forest area. The canopy above the forest prevents too much sunlight from streaming through and drying up the air or the earth. So, the moisture in the air (humidity) increases as well as the temperature which doesn't fall below 20 degrees on average annually. It's because the heat from the sun's rays that traveled through convection via air particles gets trapped within the area, too.

Humidity and heat are also important requirements for orchids and woody vines like lianas that grow on tree barks. This combination of water and solar radiation in the tropical rain forest's atmosphere also promotes widespread growth of moss carpets and fern leaves everywhere. Because of different types of plants surviving in the forest, various animals are also attracted to the area and make the forest their home.

So, tropical birds, small primates, and rodents often live side by side with snails, slugs, worms, and insects that serve as their food. Meanwhile, larger predators living in a tropical rainforest include alligators, crocodiles, jaguars, leopards, pythons, and boa constrictors that prey on the smaller animals. Harmless creatures like the rhinoceros and water buffalo also exist in small herds. They're your best guides towards bodies of water, such as a pond or lake, a small stream or natural spring, or a waterfalls with a pool at the bottom for bathing, washing, and drinking.
glennrice
Answered Dec 09, 2012
The link below provides a good explanation.

http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0302.htm
Rob
Answered Dec 09, 2012

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