Disadvantages of optimum population

optimum means stable population
amina
Asked Aug 29, 2012
In the short to medium term, flat population numbers (births = deaths) would create problems because economic systems world-wide depend on growth. For example, the Social Security system depends on future workers to pay for existing benefits and government debt depends on growth to pay back money already spent.

In the long term however, stabilization and even declining populations will have to take place as available space and resources become limited.

Rob
Answered Aug 29, 2012
Advantages:

More progress: In a free society, more people means more ideas. It also means more manpower to get stuff done. Britain conquered the world in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries because they were the first people to beat infant mortality, leading to a population boom.

Ability to care for the helpless: In a small village, having one person who is crippled is a major burden on everyone. He's another mouth to feed, and doesn't contribute anything. In a large city, it's much easier to care for the helpless, because it's not as much of a burden on everyone. Every single social program in our modern world has tacitly assumed that our population will keep growing. Otherwise, there is no way to pay for it. The fact that population is currently declining in Europe will prove to be a very large problem in sustaining their programs.

Military might: Population isn't everything in warfare - China has a huge army, but America could slaughter them with ease because of our technology. However, it's a fact that despite having a better military man-for-man, Israel cannot stand up to the enormous industrial capabilities of America. This was found out the hard way by Germany and Japan during World War 2 - even though they had better soldiers, they still lost because America's industry, fueled by a large workforce, was so powerful.

Disadvantages: 

Administration: It's very easy to run a village, a hassle to run a town, and a full-time job for hundreds of people to run a city. Running a country takes thousands. It is very difficult to have a large population and keep inefficiency from creeping into your government.

Infrastructure: If you build a bridge for two thousand people, it's good to go. What happens when that town grows to twenty thousand? Two hundred thousand? You need to build more bridges, more roads, more police stations, hospitals, and all the other things that people take for granted.


Now - note that I'm not putting in food, resources, or space as disadvantages. One of the greatest things about population growth is that it creates a growing need for these things, and under a free system people make a living on finding better and more efficient ways to provide these things to their people. As long as we keep a free society, we will never run out of food, and will find viable alternatives to things that we start running out of.
rahil
Answered Jan 10, 2013
What is the advantage and disadvantage of optimum population?
stanzonalexande
Answered Jun 22, 2016

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